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ISSN 0102-8529 (Print)
1982-0240 (Online)
PUC-Rio - Página inicial Instituto de Relações Internacionais Revista Contexto Internacional

Editorial Policies

Ethical Guidelines CINT

Authorship and Contributorship
To ensure transparency and proper recognition of contributors, our journal has established clear policies regarding authorship and contributorship. These policies outline the requirements for authorship and contributorship and provide guidelines for managing potential disputes. By adhering to these policies, we aim to maintain the integrity of the content and give credit where it is due. Authors submitting articles to our journal should be aware of the following guidelines:

1)    Criteria for Authorship: Authors listed on an article must meet all of the following criteria:
     a)     Significant contribution: Authors should have made substantial contributions to the conception, study design, execution, data acquisition, analysis and interpretation, or all of these areas.
     b)    Drafting or revising: Authors should have actively participated in drafting or writing the article, or have substantially revised or critically reviewed its content.
     c)     Journal selection: Authors must agree on submitting the article to our journal.

2)    Review and Approval: Authors are responsible for reviewing and approving all versions of the article throughout the publication process. This includes the initial submission, revisions, the final version accepted for publication, and any significant changes made during the proofing stage.

3)    Accountability: Authors agree to take responsibility for the content of the article and share accountability for resolving any questions raised regarding its accuracy or integrity. They should be prepared to address and respond to any concerns or inquiries regarding the published work.

4)    Contributorship: Individuals who have made significant contributions to the research or manuscript but do not meet the criteria for authorship should be acknowledged as contributors. Their specific contributions should be clearly described to recognize their involvement.

5)    Dispute Resolution: Processes are in place for managing potential disputes related to authorship or contributorship. If any disagreements arise, authors are encouraged to engage in open and constructive dialogue to reach a resolution. The journal will facilitate this process and ensure fair and objective assessments of contributions.

6)    Compliance with Ethical Standards: Authors must adhere to ethical guidelines in scientific publishing. This includes avoiding plagiarism, respecting intellectual property rights, obtaining necessary permissions, and disclosing any conflicts of interest.

We, as journal editors, are committed to upholding these authorship and contributorship policies and ensuring their transparency. By following these guidelines, authors can contribute to the advancement of scholarly knowledge while maintaining ethical standards and promoting a fair and inclusive research environment.

Authorship refers to the collective responsibility of individuals involved in conducting the work to determine who should be listed as authors and the order in which they should be listed. The journal Editors does not decide on authorship order or arbitrate disputes. In the case of unresolved disputes, the institution(s) where the work was performed will be asked to investigate.

Why does authorship matter?

Authorship carries academic, social, and financial implications. It provides credit and implies accountability for published work. It is crucial to ensure that individuals who have contributed to a paper are appropriately recognized as authors. Similarly, recognized authors must understand their responsibility and accountability for the content being published.

Defining authorship
At Contexto International, we define authorship based on the ethical guidelines provided by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) for the publication of scientific journals.

Authorship encompasses two aspects.
         ·       Firstly, it can refer to the creator or originator of an idea.
         ·       Secondly, it includes the individual or individuals who develop and bring to fruition intellectual or   creative works, such as a scholarly article. Authorship carries significant privileges, responsibilities, and legal rights. Within the scholarly arena, it also forms the basis for rewards and career advancement.

Different disciplines have established norms, guidelines, and rules that govern authorship. These rules serve various purposes, including preserving the lineage of ideas or works, assigning credit for the conception, implementation, and analysis of studies or experiments to validate theories or explain hypotheses, and recognizing the writing of work to disseminate knowledge. Authors are responsible for following discipline-specific guidelines when engaging in authorship activities.

Journal editors and publishers share the accountability for making author guidelines transparent and appropriate for different publication mediums and genres, such as scholarly books, journal articles, and creative writing.

At a minimum, authors should ensure their active participation in creating the work as presented and should not infringe upon the legal rights (e.g., copyright) of any other author in the process.

By adhering to these principles of authorship, we promote integrity in research and publishing while upholding the rights and responsibilities of authors and the advancement of knowledge in their respective fields.

Types of Authorship:
       1.    Co-author: Any individual who has made a significant contribution to a journal article. Co-authors share responsibility and accountability for the outcomes of the published research.
       2.    Corresponding author: When multiple authors contribute to an article, one person is chosen as the corresponding author. This individual handles all correspondence related to the article and signs the publishing agreement on behalf of all authors. The corresponding author ensures the accuracy of authors' contact details and agrees on the authorship order. Correct affiliations should also be verified.
Appeals and Complaints
At Contexto Internacional, we follow the COPE guidelines and COPE Code of Ethics for handling appeals and complaints related to journal editor decisions and the editorial management of the peer review process.

We have established a well-defined process to address complaints concerning our journal, including those involving our staff, editorial board, or publisher. Transparency and fairness are paramount in our approach to resolving concerns.

We value genuine appeals to editor decisions and prioritize addressing Complaints and Appeals. To proceed with an appeal, it is crucial to present strong evidence or new information that addresses the comments provided by the Editors and reviewers.

To ensure effective handling of appeals and complaints, we refer to COPE's published archive of complaints and recommended resolutions. We also utilize COPE flowcharts as a practical framework to evaluate the efficiency of our processes.

Our approach is guided by fundamental principles that emphasize promptness, transparency, fairness, and objectivity in addressing appeals and complaints. We strictly adhere to our journal's established policy for managing such cases and maintain clear communication with all involved parties, keeping them informed about the process and providing regular updates. Throughout the investigation, we maintain a neutral and professional tone, avoiding any conflicts of interest, both actual and perceived. In certain cases, an independent oversight committee or an objective third party may be engaged to oversee the complaint.

If you have any comments regarding the editorial management of our journal, please visit our website's homepage and select the "Contact" section located in the top right-hand corner. As an author, we value your feedback and encourage you to reach out to us through that channel. There you will find Contexto Internacional E-mail: cintjournal@puc-rio.br

At Contexto Internacional, we highly value the feedback and concerns of our authors and readers. We are committed to upholding the highest standards of integrity and transparency in all aspects of our journal's operations.
Competing interests
Contexto Internacional takes the handling of appeals and complaints seriously. We follow the guidance provided by COPE to ensure best practices in managing these issues.

Competing interests, also known as conflicts of interests (COIs), can potentially impact the objective integrity of research publications. We adhere to COPE's recommendations on implementing policies to address and manage COIs, including providing examples of common COIs that should lead to corrections in a paper.

Examples of COIs include but are not limited to:
      ·       Payment to authors that may create biases in the research or its interpretation.
      ·       Close relationships between authors or editors that may compromise the impartiality of the publication.
      ·       Patent applications for a device or technology that is the subject of the research, potentially influencing the reporting of results.

To maintain transparency and integrity, it is crucial for you and your co-authors to disclose any relevant competing interests related to the article. These interests can arise from financial, commercial, legal, or professional relationships with other organizations or individuals that could potentially influence the research or interpretation of results. It is important to note that competing interests can be both financial and non-financial in nature. Additionally, you should declare any associations that might be perceived as competing interests by others to ensure transparency.

We are committed to upholding rigorous standards in handling competing interests to ensure the integrity and credibility of the research published in Contexto Internacional.
Ethical Supervision Publication Policy
Contexto Internacional adheres to the ethical principles and procedures set forth by reputable organizations such as the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPQ), and the Fundação Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (FAPERJ).

These guidelines and principles serve as the foundation for our publication policy, ensuring that all aspects of the publishing process, from manuscript submission to peer review and dissemination of research findings, are conducted in an ethical and responsible manner.

By adopting these ethical standards, we prioritize the integrity, transparency, and reliability of the scholarly record. We are committed to preventing and addressing issues such as plagiarism, data fabrication, conflicts of interest, and other forms of research misconduct.

Our aim is to promote a robust and trustworthy research environment, fostering the highest standards of academic integrity and upholding the credibility of published works. We continuously review and update our policies to align with evolving ethical considerations and best practices in the field.

Authors, reviewers, editors, and all stakeholders involved in the publishing process are expected to uphold these ethical principles and contribute to the maintenance of a scholarly community built on integrity and trust.

Through our commitment to ethical supervision, we strive to ensure that Contexto Internacional remains a reliable and reputable platform for the dissemination of scientific knowledge.
Intellectual property
Contexto Internacional upholds the principles outlined in the COPE ten Core Practices concerning intellectual property. As an Open Access basis journal, all articles published by Contexto Internacional undergo a rigorous peer review process and are immediately accessible to all readers without any cost.

Our journal has clear policies regarding intellectual property, including copyright and publishing licenses. Authors are required to sign a License Agreement granting the journal an exclusive publishing and distribution license for their manuscript. We apply the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC-BY-NC 4.0) license to articles published on our online platforms under an open access framework.

The full details of the license are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode.

We want to emphasize that there are no publication fees associated with submitting and publishing in Contexto Internacional. Our goal is to remove any financial barriers for authors and ensure widespread access to their work.

Contexto Internacional maintains a strict stance against plagiarism. We adhere to the COPE definition, which considers plagiarism as the presentation of others' work, including data, words, or theories, without proper acknowledgment. This applies to various forms of content, such as abstracts, seminar presentations, laboratory reports, theses or dissertations, research proposals, computer programs, online posts, grey literature, and unpublished or published manuscripts.

We strongly encourage authors to always acknowledge and properly cite any material, whether obtained from electronic or print sources. Proper attribution is essential to maintaining academic integrity and upholding the principles of intellectual property.

If you have any questions or concerns regarding intellectual property issues, please feel free to contact us. We are committed to safeguarding the integrity of research and ensuring that all intellectual property rights are respected.
Corrections, Expressions of Concern, and Retractions
At Contexto Internacional, we recognize that there may be instances where changes need to be made to a published article (the manuscript), which includes the final, definitive, and citable version in the scholarly record. This encompasses the revised and accepted paper following peer review, including the abstract, text, references, bibliography, tables, illustrations, and accompanying data, as well as any supplemental material.

Maintaining the integrity of the manuscript is of utmost importance to us. We have a diligent process in place, led by the Editors with the support of Contexto Internacional staff, to carefully consider any necessary changes in accordance with the guidance provided by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

As per COPE recommendations, it is crucial for journals to have mechanisms in place for correcting, revising, or retracting articles after publication. We are committed to implementing these mechanisms effectively and efficiently.

If there are any concerns, such as the need for corrections, expressions of concern, or retractions, we encourage authors, readers, or other stakeholders to bring them to our attention. We take these matters seriously and will address them promptly and in accordance with established guidelines.

Our goal is to ensure that the scholarly record remains accurate, reliable, and transparent. By following COPE's guidance and engaging in responsible publishing practices, we uphold the highest standards of integrity in our journal.
Contexto Internacional is committed to addressing appeals and complaints in accordance with COPE guidelines. We prioritize the protection of the scholarly record and take all forms of misconduct seriously.

Examples of misconduct that we actively address include:
       ●    Plagiarism
       ●    Duplicate submission or publication of the same work
       ●    Manipulation or fabrication of images or data
       ●    Citation manipulation
       ●    Peer review manipulation
       ●    Text-recycling or self-plagiarism
       ●    Undisclosed competing interests
       ●    Breaches in copyright or the use of third-party material without appropriate permissions
       ●    Affiliation misrepresentation
       ●    Engaging in "ethics dumping"
       ●    Unethical research practices

Should you have concerns regarding any of these issues, we encourage you to report them to us. You can contact us through our website by selecting the "Contact" section located in the top right-hand corner. We are dedicated to thoroughly investigating and addressing any allegations of misconduct to ensure the integrity of the research published in Contexto Internacional.
Contexto Internacional Publication Policy
At Contexto Internacional, we have a clear publication policy for final accepted versions or published articles in third-party repositories. We ensure that any such policy is clearly indicated and communicated to authors, readers, and stakeholders.

Upon acceptance for publication, the Journal obtains an exclusive publishing and distribution license for the manuscript, including any tables, illustrations, or additional information submitted as part of the Article. This license grants us the rights to publish and distribute the Article in all forms and media, worldwide and in all languages, for the full term of copyright.

In addition to the Article, the Journal may also publish and make available supplemental materials on a non-exclusive basis. These materials can include experimental data, e-components, encodings, software, and enhanced graphical, illustrative, video, and audio material.

We acknowledge and support the importance of authors sharing early versions of their work through preprints or the Author's Original Manuscript (AOM) before peer review publication. However, it is crucial that authors ensure the submitted Article is original, written by the stated authors, and has not been published elsewhere.

Furthermore, authors must affirm that the Article has not been submitted for review to any other journal while under consideration by Contexto Internacional, and it will not be submitted to any other journal after acceptance by our journal.

By maintaining these publication policies, we uphold the integrity of the scholarly record and contribute to the responsible dissemination of research findings.

Note: The above policies are subject to periodic review and may be updated to align with emerging best practices and ethical standards in scientific publishing.

Cambridge Review of International Affairs. Taylor & Francis Editorial Policies- Author Services (2023): https://authorservices.taylorandfrancis.com/editorial-policies/?_ga=2.167847394.21056046.1687205814-506368137.1679078729&_gl=1*aqeqab*_ga*NTA2MzY4MTM3LjE2NzkwNzg3Mjk.*_ga_0HYE8YG0M6*MTY4NzIwNTgxMy4xMi4xLjE2ODcyMDU4MjMuMC4wLjA.
Cambridge Review of International Affairs. Taylor & Francis Editorial Policies. Defining authorship in your research paper: https://authorservices.taylorandfrancis.com/editorial-policies/defining-authorship-research-paper/
COPE. Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing: https://publicationethics.org/resources/guidelines/principles-transparency-and-best-practice-scholarly-publishing
COPE. Authorship: https://publicationethics.org/authorship-discussion-document
COPE. Discussion Document: authorship: chrome-extension://efaidnbmnnnibpcajpcglclefindmkaj/https://publicationethics.org/sites/default/files/COPE_DD_A4_Authorship_SEPT19_SCREEN_AW.pdf
European Journal of International Security. Ethical standards. Research Publishing Ethics Guidelines: chrome-extension://efaidnbmnnnibpcajpcglclefindmkaj/https://www.cambridge.org/core/services/aop-file-manager/file/5b44807ace5b3fca0954531e/CUP-Research-Publishing-Ethics-Guidelines-2019.pdf
COPE's published archive: https://publicationethics.org/search?t=Complaints+and+Appeals
COPE Flowcharts: https://publicationethics.org/guidance/Flowcharts
Code of Ethics COPE: chrome-extension://efaidnbmnnnibpcajpcglclefindmkaj/https://www.cambridge.org/sites/default/files/media/documents/Code-of-Ethics-2021.pdf
COPE guidelines: chrome-extension://efaidnbmnnnibpcajpcglclefindmkaj/https://publicationethics.org/files/2008%20Code%20of%20Conduct.pdf
COPE Discussion/guidance document on handling competing interests: chrome-extension://efaidnbmnnnibpcajpcglclefindmkaj/https://publicationethics.org/sites/default/files/u7140/Discussion_document__on_handling_competing_interests.pdf


Jimmy Casas Klausen (Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)

Paula Sandrin (Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)


Associate Editors

Alina Sajed (McMaster University, Canada)
Anna Leander (Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Switzerland and PontifíciaUniversidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
Roberto Vilchez Yamato (Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
Stefano Guzzini (Danish Institute for International Studies, IRI/PUC-Rio, and Uppsala University)


Editorial Assistant

Vinicius Armele (Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)


Editorial Council

Achille Mbembe (University of Witwatersrand, South Africa)
Adrián Bonilla (Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales, Ecuador)
Andrew Hurrell (Universiy of Oxford, United Kingdom)
Antonio Carlos Lessa (Universidade de Brasília, Brazil)
Antonio Jorge Ramalho da Rocha (Universidade de Brasília, Brazil)
Arlene Tickner (Universidad de los Andes, Colombia)
Barry Hindess (Australian National University, Australia)
Christian Reus Smit (University of Queensland, Australia)
Deisy Ventura (Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil)
Eduardo Viola (Universidade de Brasília, Brazil)
Elspeth Guild (Radboud University Nijmege, Queen Mary, University of London, United Kingdom)
Eugênio Pacelli Lazzarotti Costa Diniz (Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais, Brazil)
Federico Merke (Universidad de SanAndrés, Argentina)
Flávia de Campos Mello (Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo, Brazil)
Francisco Carlos Teixeira da Silva (Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
Gustavo Sénéchal de Goffredo (Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
Heloise Weber (University of Queensland, Australia)
Henrique Altemani de Oliveira (Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Brazil)
Himadeep Muppidi (Vassar College, United States)
Naeem Inayatullah(Ithaca College, United States)
Janina Onuki (Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil)
Jef Huysmans (Queen Mary University of London, United Kingdom)
Jens Bartelson (Lund University, Sweden)
José Luis da Costa Fiori (Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
José Manuel Pureza (Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal)
Juan Gabriel Tokatlian (Universidad Di Tella, Argentina)
Jürgen Rüland (University of Freiburg, Germany)
Mahmood Mamdani (Columbia University, United States)
Marco Antonio Pamplona (Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
Marco Aurélio Cepik (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil)
Marcos Aurélio Guedes (Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Brazil)
Maria Alice Rezende de Carvalho (Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
Matias Spektor (Fundação Getúlio Vargas-Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
Matt Davies (Newcastle University, United Kingdom)
Michael Barnett (George Washington University, United States)
Michael Dillon (Lancaster University, United Kingdom)
Michael Shapiro (University of Hawaii, United States)
Mustapha Kamal Pasha (Aberystwyth University, United Kingdom)
Nicholas Onuf (Florida International University, United States)
Norma Breda Santos (Universidade de Brasília, Brazil)
Paulo Fagundes Vizentini (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil)
Peter Nyers (McMaster University, Canada)
Peter Vale (University of Johannesburg, South Africa)
Pinar Bilgin (Bilkent University, Turkey)
Prem Kumar Rajaram (Central European University, Hungary)
R.B.J Walker (University of Victoria and Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro,Canada/Brazil))
Rafael Duarte Villa (Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil)
Reginaldo Nasser (Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo, Brazil)
Roland Bleiker (University of Queensland, Australia)
Rossana Rocha Reis (Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil)
Roxanne Doty (Arizona State University, United States)
Sam Opondo (Vassar College, United States)
Shiguenoli Miyamoto (Universidade de Campinas, Brazil)
Thiago Moreira de Souza Rodrigues (Universidade Federal Fluminense, Brazil)
Tullo Vigevani (Universidade Estadual Paulista, Brazil)
William C. Smith (University of Miami, United States)


Honorary Council

Celso Lafer (Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil)Gelson Fonseca Júnior (Ministério das Relações Exteriores, Brazil)Hélio Jaguaribe (Academia Brasileira de Letras, Brazil)João Clemente Baena Soares (Ministério das Relações Exteriores, Brazil)Lilian Cristina Burlamaqui Duarte (Ministério das Relações Exteriores, Brazil)Samuel Pinheiro Guimarães (Ministério das Relações Exteriores, Brazil)


Communication Team

Akta Kaushal (University of Hawaii, United States)Benjamin de Carvalho (Norwegian Institute of International Affairs, Norway)Daniel Aragão (Universidade Federal da Bahia, Brazil)Daniel Castelan (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Brazil)Elif Kalaycioglu (University of Minnesota, United States)Fabricio Chagas Bastos (Universidad de los Andes, Colombia)Henrique Tavares Furtado (University of Manchester, United Kingdom)Jonathan Austin (The Graduate Institute, Switzerland)Paula Duarte Lopes (Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal)Paulo Chamon (Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)Teresa Cravo (Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal)



Claudia Farrulla Darze



Carolina Fuck Roterdan e Luisa Bastos



Victor Damasceno Toscano Costa e Marina Sertã Miranda


Eletronic Edition



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